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Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain (España, Reino de España), is a country located in Southern Europe, with two small exclaves in North Africa (both bordering Morocco). Spain is a democracy which is organized as a parliamentary monarchy. It is a developed country with the ninth-largest economy in the world. It is the larger of two sovereign states that make up the Iberian Peninsula — the other is Portugal.

To the west, Spain borders Portugal, to the south, it borders Gibraltar (a British overseas territory) and Morocco, through its cities in North Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). To the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it borders France and the tiny principality of Andorra. It also includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and a number of uninhabited islands on the Mediterranean side of the strait of Gibraltar, known as Plazas de soberanía, such as the Chafarine islands, the isle of Alborán, the «rocks» (peñones) of Vélez and Alhucemas, and the tiny Isla Perejil. In the northeast along the Pyrenees, a small exclave town called Llívia in Catalonia is surrounded by French territory.

There are several competing hypothess as to the origin of the Roman name «Hispania», the root of the Spanish name España and the English name Spain. These hypothesis are built on the slenderest of evidence and so must be treated as merely speculative.

Official languages Formation Accession to EU Area Population GDP (PPP) HDI (2004) Currency Time zone Internet TLD Calling code
Reino de España
Kingdom of Spain


Motto: Plus Ultra (Latin: «Further Beyond»)
Anthem: Marcha Real (Spanish: «Royal March»)

CoatCoat of arms

(and largest city)
40°26′N 3°42′W
Spanish. In some autonomous communities, Aranese (Occitan), Basque, Catalan and Galician are co-official.
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
— KingFelipe VI de España
Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y Grecia
— Prime MinisterPedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón
15th century
— Dynastic union1516
— Unification1469
De facto1716
De jure1812
January 1, 1986
— Total505,992 km² (51st)
195,364 sq mi
— Water (%)1.04
— 01.01.2022 census47.435.597
— Density88,39/km² (106th)
220/sq mi
2005 estimate
— Total$1.029 trillion (9th)
— Per capita$27,542 (25th)
0.938 (high) (19th)
Euro (€)2 (EUR)
CET3 (UTC+1)
— Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
1 Also serves as the Royal anthem.

2 Prior to 1999(by law, 2002 de facto): Spanish Peseta.
3 Except in the Canary Islands, which are in the GMT time zone (UTC, UTC+1 in summer).
4 The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Mariano Rajoy

He has been serving as prime minister since Dec. 21, 2011.

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