Spain

Beauty Spain

The country has many mineral resources, particularly cobalt, copper, iron ore, lead, coal, lignite, manganese, mercury, potassium, tungsten, kaolin, gypsum, salt, silver, sulfur, tin and zinc; also it has small amounts of natural gas and oil.

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There are three climatic types: continental, tempered in the Meseta and the Ebro; Mediterranean in the south and east; and ocean, north, abundant and low thermal oscillation annual rainfall.

Weather
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The main rivers of Spain flow west and southwest to empty into the Atlantic Ocean; usually they run through deep and rocky valleys through mountain courses.

Rivers
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Spain occupies 85 % of the Iberian peninsula and is surrounded by water on almost 88 % of its perimeter; its Mediterranean coast is about 1,660 km long and the Atlantic about 710 km.

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In the last 60 years Spain has undergone more social change than anywhere else in western Europe. Until the 1950s, Spain was predominantly a poor, rural country, in which only 37 per cent of the population lived in towns of over 10,000 people.

Spain today
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